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23.4.1 Class SvgImage

The SvgImage class represents an SVG graphic that is loaded from a file into memory. You can create this class and receive a new SVG document:

Dim hSvgImage As SvgImage
hSvgImage = New SvgImage ( [ Width As Float, Height As Float ] )

Width and Height are the dimensions of the SVG document in points. If they are not specified, they must be specified later before you can draw on them. The actual dimension of the SVG document is calculated by assuming a resolution of 72 DPI.

The free open source editor Inkscape has the best support for SVG. At you will find a simple description of the SVG format:

SVG (abbreviation for “Scalable Vector Graphics”) is a free, open source, standardised file format for vector graphics. It is developed and maintained by the W3C (World Wide Web Consortium), the most important international standardisation body for the Internet. It is based on XML (Extensible Markup Language), also a W3C standard format, which is a generic markup language developed to represent any data in a human- and machine-readable format.

If you use the following (XML) text

<svg xmlns="" width="300" height="200">

  <rect x="50" y="50" width="200" height="100" style="fill:red"/>


into the empty file red.svg using a text editor, you will see the following display - for example with the image viewer XViewer:


Figure Display of the red.svg file Properties

The SvgImage class only has two properties:

PropertyData typeDescription
HeightFloatReturns or sets the height of the SVG document in points. A synonym for the height property is H.
WidthFloatReturns or sets the width of the SVG document in points. A synonym for the Width property is W.

Table : Properties of the SvgImage class Methods

The SvgImage class provides you with the following four methods:0

Clear()Deletes the SVG image (in memory).
Paint ( [ X As Float, Y As Float, Width As Float, Height As Float ] )Draws the SVG image on the current drawing area (device).
Resize ( Width As Float, Height As Float )Changes the size of the SVG image. Width is its new width in points. Height is its new height in points.
Save ( Path As String )Saves the SVG image in the specified file path as an SVG file.

Table : Methods of the SvgImage class

The following static method loads an SVG document from the file with the specified file path and returns it as a new SVGImage:

Static Function Load ( Path As String ) As SvgImage

Example 1

  • First, a new SVG image is created (1),
  • then the content is loaded from an SVG file and assigned to the SVG image (2) and
  • then the SVG image is drawn in a DrawingArea (3):

Public Sub DrawingArea1_Draw()

'-- Paint the Gambas logo
    Dim hSvgImage As SvgImage			' (1)
    hSvgImage = SvgImage.Load("gambas.svg")	' (2)
    hSvgImage.Paint()				' (3)

Example 2 - Drawing is performed on an SVG image and the modified image is saved.

  • First load the Gambas logo.
  • Then add a nice red ball.
  • Save the modified image:
  Dim hSvgImage As SvgImage
  hSvgImage = SvgImage.Load("~/gambas.svg")
    Paint.Brush = Paint.RadialGradient(200, 140, 40, 215, 115, [Color.RGB(255, 0, 0, 64),
                  Color.White], [1.0, 0.1])
    Paint.Arc(200, 140, 40)

Note: Qt's SVG support has had some bugs for years. It is not known whether it will be better with Qt5.

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k23/k23.4/k23.4.1/start.txt · Last modified: 08.01.2024 by emma

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