If you want to interactively read in an integer from an interval[min… max] in a program, you can use the SpinBox component, whose most important properties and its use are described in this chapter.
The Spinbox is a text field with two small keys (up/down), which can be used to increase or decrease the current value with a freely selectable step size in the interval[min… max]. You can also enter an integer value directly into the spinbox. To accept this value, you must press the Enter key. You can only enter integers because all other entries are not accepted without a response. You can assign a defined start value to each spinbox. Since all values in a spinbox are of the integer type, you may have to convert these values for your program, for example, if you want to map the interval from [3… 10] to the interval [0,0… 3,5].
If the maximum or minimum value has been reached, this can be recognized at runtime by the Spinbox's appearance, because one of the up/down keys is grayed out. The SpinBox has a repeat function for the up/down keys.
You can add a context menu (PopupMenu) to the component SpinBox which replaces the standard context menu of the spinbox. The menu has to be declared beforehand - for example in the menu editor - so that you can select the corresponding menu in the properties window and assign it to the SpinBox. Alternatively, you can also make the assignment at runtime. Detailed information on this path can be found in chapter 13.4' Context menu'.
You can assign the following values (data type integer) for selected properties of a spinbox at the program start, otherwise the default values are set:
In the following example, a spinbox is used to set the zoom factor for the image of a function f (x). The zoom factor can be changed in a range of [20%… 300%]. The step size is set to 5(%) and the zoom start value is set to 50(%).
Figure 16.12.1: Function plotter with zoom function
The source code is only specified in those parts that demonstrate the conversion of the above-mentioned concept for a zoom function:
Public Sub Form_Open() FMain.Center FMain.Resizable = False … spinboxZoom.MinValue = 20 ' 4 starting values spinboxZoom.MaxValue = 300 spinboxZoom.Step = 5 spinboxZoom.Value = 50 fZoom = spinboxZoom.Value ' Initialize the zoom spinboxZoom.Tooltip = "Zoom-Bereich 20...300" ' mnu0Einstellungen.Visible = False ' optional ' spinboxZoom.PopupMenu = "mnu0Einstellungen" ' optionaly spinboxZoom.SetFocus … End ' Form_Open Public Sub spinboxZoom_Change() fZoom = spinboxZoom.Value KS_RP_G_Zeichnen(fZoom) End ' spinboxZoom_Change()
The procedure spinboxZoom_Change() of the spinboxZoom component reacts to the change event. The variable fZoom (data type float) is then assigned the current value of the spinbox. This value is the parameter value of the procedure KS_RP_G_Draw (fZoom) which draws the coordinate system, the raster points and finally the graph of the given function f(x) with the current zoom factor.
The use of the three buttons with the labels +, - and 1 shows as an optional extension another way to realize a zoom function, where the Spinbox is used to display the current zoom factor:
Public Sub btnZoomNormal_Click() fZoom = 50 ' Angabe in % spinboxZoom.Value = fZoom KS_RP_G_Zeichnen(fZoom) ' Koordinatensystem, Rasterpunkte und Graph End ' btnZoomNormal_Click() Public Sub btnZoomG_Click() If fZoom < 300 Then fZoom += 5 spinboxZoom.Value = fZoom KS_RP_G_Zeichnen(fZoom) Endif ' fZoom < 300 End ' btnZoomG_Click() Public Sub btnZoomK_Click() If fZoom > 20 Then fZoom -= 5 spinboxZoom.Value = fZoom KS_RP_G_Zeichnen(fZoom) Endif ' fZoom > 20 End ' btnZoomK_Click()
For example, in order to linearly map the interval of [3… 10] to the interval [0,0… 3,5], you need the linear function with the two points P0(3|0] and P1(10|3,5). The (general) approach for a linear equation (y-y0)-(x1-x0) = (y1-y0)-(x-x0) leads to k(x) = 0.5·x - 1.5 with x ∈ N in the restricted definition range 3 ≤ x ≤ 10.
The general approach to determine the interval [a….b] to the interval [p….q] leads to the linear equation (y-y0)·(x1-x0) = (y1-y0)·(x-x0) → (y-p)·(b-a) = (q-p)·(x-a) with a ≠ b. Converting to y results in the general equation for the conversion function k(x) with x ∈ N in the restricted definition range a ≤ x ≤ b.